Distribute worksheet – ‘What you see is what
1. Ask students to think about themselves (their personal
identity) and to use the boxes on the worksheet to list the
similarities and differences between themselves and others
that they think:
• would be easy to identify
• would not be so easy to identify.
Display OHT – Iceberg
2. Suggest that Australian society is like an iceberg with
lots of easy to see similarities and differences between its
peoples above the surface of the water. For example: skin
colour, hair colour, body shape, language spoken, height etc.
However, below the surface there are also similarities and
differences that are not so easy to see. For example: attitudes,
feelings, beliefs etc.
3. Divide students in groups and distribute Iceberg Worksheet.
• Ask each group to write the similarities and differences
identified on their worksheet, into the peaks above the water
or the base of the peaks below the water.
•Brainstorm qualities needed in citizens to maintain
harmonious relationships among people in Australian society.
For example: open-mindedness, compassion, love, fairness,
empathy, courage, acceptance, understanding etc.
4. As an individual task, ask students to finish the following:
To maintain harmony, citizens of Australia . . .
5. As a concluding activity ask each student to write their
sentence on a separate strip of paper. Combine strips into
a class collage of ‘ideal characteristics of citizens
in Australian Society’.
6. Their sentence should also be written in the shaded area
of the Iceberg worksheet.
NOTE: ‘To maintain harmony in society, citizens
of Australia . . .’,
student suggestions may include:
• . . . give each other a fair go
• . . . care about each other
• . . . challenge prejudice in themselves and others
• . . . should not be influenced by the media
Conclusion of Unit
Draw on the characteristics and qualities listed in the class
collage to conclude the unit by challenging students to promote
these qualities in themselves and others.
Worksheets to download
‘What you see
is what you get’. (PDF)
Display OHT – Iceberg (PDF)
Friends and Peers
Feelings About Myself
ESL Activities 3: Cultural
Activities 4: Different
Activities 6: Pride
Activities 7: What
Activities 8: Who
Activities 9: Journeys
ESL Activities 10: Our
Paths to Australia
ESL Activities 11: A
Mixed Bag of Apples
Activities 12: Victims
Activities developed by teachers at Beverly Hills Intensive
English Centre, NSW