Students recognise that individuals and groups have both common
and different attributes and that each individual may be a
member of many different groups. Students recognise, appreciate
and value individual differences and perspectives.
This lesson is an adaptation for beginning and intermediate
level ESL students of the activity I am, you are, we are...
In this lesson students will work together and explore similarities,
differences and stereotypes of apples. They will relate their
discussion to different people in Australian society and conclude
that there are similarities and differences amongst people
living in a multicultural society.
Worksheets to download
Bag of apples; enough for each pair of students to have one
between them, include at least 3 varieties.
Apple outline for stereotypes
1. Introduce students to the terms 'similar' and 'different'.
2. Ask each pair to select an apple from the bag. Give the
students time to examine their apple.
3. Initiate activity by introducing an apple to the class
with a narrative that focuses on its physical characteristics
e.g. "It has this bump because it was dropped on
the way to the shop."
4. Ask each pair to introduce their apple in a similar way
to the rest of the class.
5. As a class, brainstorm stereotypes about apples (red, shiny,
smooth-skin, sweet, fall from trees etc). Using downloaded
master of apple, write a stereotype on each master and display.
6. Identify ways in which all the apples in the class are
similar. Record similarities on a chart.
7. Identify differences between all the apples in the class
and record these differences on the above-mentioned chart.
8. Ask students whether they agree with the statement that
'all apples are the same'. Discuss.
9. Refer to chart of similarities and elicit from students
if any of these similarities match the displayed stereotypes.
10. Suggest to the class that the apples are like people in
Australia, for example, they are different, but in many ways
similar. Some differences between people are only skin-deep.
There are lots of similarities among people in Australian
11. Note: apples can be substituted for different varieties
of potatoes, or different socks etc. It's up to you!
1. Ask students to think of situations when they like to appear
the same as others, and situations where they like to appear
2. Writing task- Students choose a friend
to write about. Using handout (apple master with similarities
and differences), write a list of similarities and differences
between self and friend. Display.
Additional activities related to stereotypes:
Shiman David and McLean Barbara ,1991, The Prejudice Book-
Activities for the Classroom,
The Alfred Dreyfus Anti-Defamation Unit of B'nai B'rith
Friends and Peers
Feelings About Myself
ESL Activities 3: Cultural
Activities 4: Different
Activities 5: Iceberg
Activities 6: Pride
Activities 7: What
Activities 8: Who
Activities 9: Journeys
ESL Activities 10: Our
Paths to Australia
Activities 12: Victims
by teachers at Beverly Hills Intensive English Centre, NSW
fromThe Prejudice Book- Activities for the Classroom
David Shiman and Barbara McLean
Date: 14 September 2004